Countries and capitals of Europe: List and curiosities of the European continent

curiosities of the European continent

Europe is a continent located in the northern hemisphere and part of the eastern hemisphere. It is the smallest continent in the world, but not the least populated. In fact, it is the third most populous with a 740 million inhabitants. In this article you will know the list of countries and capitals of Europe and some interesting curiosities of the continent.


Countries and capitals of Europe

When we hear about Europe or, rather, the European continent, we usually think of countries like Spain, France, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, etc. However, Europe has many more countries, in fact, it has 50 countries, 44 of which are fully European, while the remaining 4 are considered Eurasian.

These are all the countries and capitals of Europe:

We have marked with (*) the Eurasian Countries.

Country Capital
Albanian 🇦🇱 tyrant
Germany 🇩🇪 berlin
Andorra 🇦🇩 Andorra la Vella
Armenian 🇦🇲 * Yerevan
Austrian 🇦🇹 Vienna
Belgium 🇧🇪 Brussels
Belarus 🇧🇾 minsk
Bosnia and Herzegovina 🇧🇦 sarajevo
Bulgarian 🇧🇬 Sofia
Cyprus 🇨🇾 * Nicosia
Vatican City 🇻🇦 Vatican City
Denmark 🇩🇰 Copenhagen
Croatia 🇭🇷 Zagreb
Slovakia 🇸🇰 Bratislava
Slovenia 🇸🇮 Ljubljana
Spain 🇪🇸 Madrid
Estonian 🇪🇪 tallinn
Finland 🇫🇮 Helsinki
France 🇫🇷 Paris
Georgia 🇬🇪 Tbilisi
Greece 🇬🇷 Athens
Hungary 🇭🇺 budapest
Ireland 🇮🇪 Dublin
Iceland 🇮🇸 Reykjavik
Italy 🇮🇹 Rome
Latvia 🇱🇻 Riga
Liechtenstein 🇱🇮 Vaduz
Lithuania 🇱🇹 Vilnius
Luxembourg 🇱🇺 Luxembourg
Macedonian 🇲🇰 Skopje
Malt 🇲🇹 Valletta
Monaco 🇲🇨 Monaco
Montenegrin 🇲🇪 Podgorica
Republic of Moldova 🇲🇩 Chisinau
Norway 🇳🇴 Oslo
Netherlands 🇳🇱 amsterdam
Poland 🇵🇱 warsaw
Portugal 🇵🇹 Lisbon
United Kingdom 🇬🇧 London
Czech Republic 🇨🇿 prague
Romania 🇷🇴 Bucharest
Russia 🇷🇺 * Moscow
San Marino 🇸🇲 San Marino
Sweden 🇸🇪 Stockholm
Switzerland 🇨🇭 Bern
Turkey 🇹🇷 * ankara
Ukraine 🇺🇦 Kyiv
Serbian 🇷🇸 Belgrade
europe political map


Fun facts about Europe:

  • The largest country in Europe is Russia , although only a part belongs to it, Russia has a total territory of 17,089,250 km² and more than 145 million inhabitants. They are followed by Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Spain.
  • Despite being a small continent, it is one of the most important and influential in business in the world.
  • The countries that make up the European Union are not the same as those that appear on this list.
  • The EU has 24 official languages : German, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Hungarian, English, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian and Swedish.
  • The largest and the smallest country in the world are in Europe; Russia is the largest and Vatican City the smallest.
  • Disney is the most visited place in Europe.
  • Bulgaria is the oldest country in Europe: the Bulgarians established their own kingdom in 681 and have not changed their name since then.
  • Europe has a jungle, the rain forest of Perucica, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is almost a redoubt of the tropical jungles in the heart of Europe.
  • The one from Europe comes from the Phoenician princess Europa.
  • It has the most active volcano in the world, Etna.
  • The town with the longest name is in Wales and is called Lanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogo.


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